Speech Therapy At Sai Research Institute
Speech therapy is the assessment and treatment of communication problems and speech disorders.
It is performed by speech-language pathologists (SLPs), which are often referred to as speech therapists.
Speech therapy may be needed for speech disorders that develop in childhood or
speech impairments in adults caused by an injury or illness, such as stroke or brain injury.
What Is Speech Disorders?
A speech disorder refers to a problem with making sounds. Speech disorders include:-
- Articulation disorders: These are problems with making sounds in syllables,
or saying words incorrectly to the point that listeners can't understand what's being said.
- Fluency disorders: These include problems such as stuttering, in which the flow of speech is interrupted by
unusual stops, partial-word repetitions ("a-aa-a-apple"), or prolonging sounds and syllables (sssssnake).
- Resonance or voice disorders: These are problems with the pitch, volume, or quality of the voice that
distract listeners from what's being said. These types of disorders may also cause pain or discomfort
for a child when speaking.
What Are Language Disorders?
A language disorder refers to a problem understanding or putting words
together to communicate ideas. Language disorders can be either receptive or expressive :-
- Receptive disorders are problems with understanding or processing language.
- Expressive disorders are problems with putting words together, having a limited vocabulary,
or being unable to use language in a socially appropriate way.
- Cognitive-communication disorders are problems with communication skills that involve memory,
attention, perception, organization, regulation, and problem solving.
Speech therapy includes two components:-
- 1. coordinating the mouth to produce sounds to form words and sentences
(to address articulation, fluency, and voice volume regulation).
- 2. understanding and expressing language (to address the use of language through written, pictorial, body,
and sign forms,and the use of language through alternative communication systems such as social media,
computers, and iPads).